Premium Power Systems (PPS) is committed to powering the future by providing cutting-edge solar, battery, and EV charging for California’s Central Coast communities. The Paso Robles solar company leads the way in green energy by helping keep the communities it serves informed of the latest technologies. This report providing tips about EV batteries is one of many that PPS has published.
The most important advice and instructions about the care of an electrical vehicle’s (EV) battery pack is the information supplied by the vehicle manufacturer. The information in this report can help those new to, or considering, EV ownership, have a stronger understanding about EV battery packs in general.
- Are EV batteries all the same?
- How often does the battery need to be charged?
- How long does an EV battery last?
- What is best, home or public charging?
- What are the most common problems with EV batteries?
Are EV batteries all the same?
Todays EVs use lithium-ion batteries like those in cellphones and laptops. There are two types: the LFP lithium-iron-phosphate) nickel-free batteries and NMC (nickel, manganese oxide, cobalt).
LFP batteries are more stable than NMC and can handle larger power draws. The NMC batteries deliver better performance (think acceleration speed), but LFPs charge faster and deliver better battery life.
How often does the battery need to be charged?
The owner’s manual has the details you need for your specific EV, but generally, manufacturers recommend maintaining between 20-80% battery charge. Depending on the distance you drive, charging approximately every three days is sufficient for local driving.
If you commute to work or are taking a road trip, charge more frequently. The owner’s manual will tell you about how many miles you can drive between charges, and where the battery charge indicator is located.
The length of time needed to charge the battery depends on the level of the EV charger.
How long does an EV battery last?
Most drivers can expect their EV battery to last between 10-20 years, depending on driving habits and the vehicle. Other factors, including extreme weather or reliance on swift charging times can reduce performance.
Providing protection, such as a garage or covered carport parking for your EV during extreme heat or cold weather might be advisable.
What is best, home or public charging?
There’s no denying that home charging is the most convenient because you can charge your EV while relaxing. It’s also less expensive than charging at public stations, no matter how conveniently located.
PPS installs Level 2 charging stations for residential use, and also makes sure the charger works seamlessly with a new or existing Paso Robles solar system.
- Your EV comes equipped with a Level 1 charger. Level 1 chargers are not very powerful and can take overnight or longer to charge. If you are not able to park your car close enough to an electrical outlet, you many need additional electrical work. Level 1 can also be expensive to operate.
- Level 2, available for residential use and at many public-charging stations, can charge an EV in a few hours. Level 2 chargers require a dedicated 240-volt circuit and need to be installed by a qualified electrician. The electricians from Premium Power Systems are qualified, experienced, and trained to install Level 2 EV chargers.
- Level 3 are high-speed charges found in networks of public charging stations and can charge up to 300 miles within an hour.
PPS installs Level 2 charges for residential use and also makes sure that your EV charger works seamlessly with your existing solar system.
What are the most common problems with EV batteries?
EV batteries are safe overall. All vehicle manufacturers include protective measures in the vehicles they produce and EVs include safety measures for the batteries. But, as with anything, problems can pop up. While those issues have little to do with the general safety of EV battery technology, some people are concerned and looking for assurances before investing in an EV.
In October 2022, Motor and Wheels released an in-depth report about the most common problems with EV batteries.
Call the experts
Premium Power Systems, Inc., or PPS, is a local Central Coast solar company that provides green solar installations and EV power for homes and businesses. The full-service company serves residential, commercial, and agriculture with the goal of reducing the high cost of electricity.